- Passes in the Caucasus Mountains north of Georgia (Iberia [q.v.]) used to defend against barbarians to the north of the Caucasus. Treaties between Byzantium and Persia (qq.v.) in 363, 422, and 442, respectively, provided for a joint defense of the passes, with Byzantium contributing a fixed sum to keep the fortifications in repair.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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